Understanding Infertility : Fertility FAQ's

Frequently Asked Questions About Infertility

Recurrent Miscarriages and PCOS
Recurrent Miscarriages and PCOS

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Please explore some of our common questions about ferility treatments and view the video below to learn more about infertility treatment options.


How common is it to have infertility issues?

About 10% of US women between the ages of 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant. That equates to 6.1 million US women making infertility issues a common occurrence.

Are there factors that increase risk of infertility?

Yes, for both men and women.
Women's factors include:
• Age
• Smoking
• Excess alcohol use
• Stress
• Poor diet
• Athletic training
• Being overweight or underweight
• Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
• Health problems that cause hormonal changes, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
• Radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer
Male factors include:
• Heavy alcohol use
• Drugs
• Smoking
• Age
• Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
• Health problems such as mumps, serious conditions like kidney disease, or hormone problems
• Medicines
• Radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer
• Varicocele

What causes infertility in women?

Most cases of female infertility are caused by problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include irregular or absent menstrual periods.
Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormone imbalance problem which can interfere with normal ovulation. PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility.
Other causes of fertility problems in women include:
• Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy
• Physical problems with the uterus
• Uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous tumors of muscle tissue within the walls of the uterus

How long should women try to get pregnant before seeing a specialist?

Most experts suggest at least one year for women under 35. Women aged 35 years or older should see their doctors after six months of trying. A woman's chances of having a baby decrease rapidly every year after the age of 35.
Some health problems also increase the risk of infertility:
• Irregular periods or no menstrual periods
• Very painful periods
• Endometriosis
• Pelvic inflammatory disease
• More than one miscarriage

What if we are same sex partners, can REACH help us build a family?

Yes, REACH has helped a number of same-sex couples for years and has a plan along with support service resources to help as well.  Please click here for more details.

Contact Our Charlotte Area Infertility Practice

If you would like to learn more about the causes of infertility, contact our North Carolina specialists in the Charlotte / Lake Norman area. We will be happy to answer any questions you have or help you schedule a consultation.

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