Fertility Treatments : Male Infertility

Male Infertility

Male factor is the cause of infertility in 40 to 50 percent of couples. Male factor infertility is a medical condition that results in issues with sperm production or function of healthy sperm. In many cases, male factor infertility is treatable. REACH offers a range of services including basic evaluation and testing to state-of-the-art microsurgical techniques including percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) setting.

Diagnosing Male Factor Infertility- Semen Analysis

A semen analysis is a simple lab test that determines the health of a patient’s semen. Semen health is determined by the quantity (number), motility (movement), and morphology (shape) of sperm present in each sample. A “normal” ejaculate sample will contain at least 39 million sperm, 40% to 80% of which are strong “swimmers.” Most sperm in the sample should also have a normal morphology consisting of an oval-shaped head, and a tail that has no abnormalities. Semen analysis testing is done on site in our andrology laboratory and results are available within 48 hours. 

Other diagnostic measures may include a physical examination, blood tests, hormone evaluation, and genetic testing.

The most common causes of male infertility include:

  • Hormone Disorders - improper function of a man's hypothalamus or pituitary glands can contribute to infertility.
  • Genetic Disorders - conditions such as Klinefelter’s syndrome, Y-chromosome microdeletion, myotonic dystrophy, or other disorders may result in low sperm count or no sperm production at all.
  • Irregular testicular or ejaculatory function - may be caused by unhealthy lifestyle, trauma to the testes, cancer treatment or use of certain medications.

To learn more about male factor infertility or how to schedule an appointment contact us today.

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